If you love Russian antiquity, then you need to Yaroslavl, the capital of the Golden ring. This city, crowned with domes of churches and temples, still retains the spirit of Ancient Russia.
“When you look at the old Russian monastery or city from a distance in bright sunlight, with many towering over it temples, it seems that it is all lit with multicolored lights. And when these lights flicker from afar among the vast snowy fields, they beckon to themselves as a distant otherworldly vision of the city of God”, wrote Evgeniy Trubetskoy, Russian philosopher.
Yaroslavl churches, generously decorated with tiles, make a stunning impression with its elegance. Due to the abundance of tiles in Sunny weather, they burn and shimmer like diamonds lined. The temple of John the Baptist on the banks of Kotorosli still stands before my eyes as a wonderful vision. By the way, you know him too even if you’ve never been to these places. Don’t believe? Look at the 1000-ruble bill. It was built in the XVII century in Tolchkovskaya Sloboda. The temple was originally conceived as something special, “which never happened before”. Now it is considered one of the main monuments of the Yaroslavl school of architecture.
The style in which it is built is called “Russian pattern”. Intricate shapes, abundance of decor, the complexity of the composition and picturesque silhouette-these are the features of this style. The walls of the Church are covered with complex carpet patterns of figured bricks and tiles. Master bricklayers brought the virtuosity of their work to perfection. By the way, this is the only fifteen-domed Church in Russia. Alas, now a masterpiece of Russian architecture, which is an object of cultural heritage of UNESCO, is located on the territory of the paint factory “Victory of workers”. And this neighborhood is not good for the temple. Another Yaroslavl Church, striking the imagination – John Chrysostom in Korovnitskaya Sloboda is also richly decorated with tiles at the confluence of the Volga and Kotorosli. The soul rejoices, looking at this holiday. One of the windows is decorated with the largest in Russia tile platband. Height about eight meters, width – about five. An unrivalled specimen of the Russian tile art! Another attraction of the temple complex is the hipped bell tower. There are not many bells in Russia that have their own name. This bell tower for its height and harmony is called “Yaroslavl candle”. It is recognized as one of the slenderest in our country. Its height is 37 meters.
The Church of St. John Chrysostom is not the only one recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage. The entire historical center of the ancient city is under its protection. First of all, the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery was founded in 1216. The militia of Minin and Pozharsky began his campaign to liberate Moscow from its walls in 1612.
Of course, Prince Yaroslav the Wise haven`t forgotten, a monument which meets citizens and guests at the Bogoyavlenskaya square at the intersection of roads. Previously, these places were pagan, the Slavs who lived here, worshipped idols. But more than a thousand years ago, the son of Vladimir arrived-the Baptist, overthrew the idols, defeated the sacred bear and at the mouth of the Kotorosli river, carrying its water to the Volga, laid the city. Popular tourist trail to the beer “Athos” haven`t overgrown, near which were registered sculptures of Leonid Kuravlev in the image of plumbing Athos and Eugene Leonov – plasterer Kolya. Some people think it’s kitsch. But it is better to think that this is a tribute to the audience sympathy of favorite artists.
It is impossible, having arrived to Yaroslavl, to pass Karabikha-Museum-estate of Nikolay Nekrasov. There is everything that is supposed to be an old noble estate-lime alley, ponds, manor house, topped with a Belvedere. Nekrasov’s spirit is especially felt in the Eastern wing of the estate, where he actually worked. Here Nekrasov composed poems “Frost, red nose”, “Russian women”, “Who in Russia to live well”. There is a poet’s study: massive cabinets, manuscripts and documents on the glazed Desk, old photographs on the walls. Everything has to work. But Nekrasov preferred to be creative in a large hall with a marble fireplace and a Turkish sofa in stripes. The Windows have elegant curtains, there are mirrors in vintage frames in the walls. And all this space is filled to the brim with light. A special charm of this room gives a lush bouquet of wild flowers. Peace and harmony…It is understandable why the Nekrasov loved to write here. It seems that these rooms not only remember their inhabitants, but also they wait for them to return.